Web browser are not a new thing to us now a days. Gone are the days when people used to surprise when they found an icon of a web browser on computer desktop screens; usually non Internet Explorer such as Mozilla Firefox, Netscape or Opera.
Google Chrome appeared some years ago when internet had got popular all over the world. In early days, IE and Netscape were well known web browsers. They had simple options and a few shortcut keys that people used to remember after some effort. There were no complications or mix-ups of shortcut keys as there were one or two browser that were used by internet surfers.
But with the progress of technology, internet has grown rapidly too. This expansion inspired web programmers to introduce new and improved technologies to browsers. Old browsers were improved while some new were introduced. Netscape lost the battle as a result of browsers war.
Mozilla Firefox appeared as a worst contender of Microsoft Internet Explorer. It seemed that Firefox was a revenge of Netscape’s death. It attracted a majority of internet surfers and even people started looking down upon Internet Explorer. One of the famous jokes about IE that made everybody laugh (except Microsoft) was: “Do you know why Internet Explorer comes pre-installed with every version Microsoft Windows? It’s there so that you can open it and download some good web browser for you”. (Don’t shy if it made you laugh too).
However, it was not end of game. Google introduced Chrome web browser that spread like fire in forest. People were flocking to Chrome and Firefox started losing its users. At the same time, Opera was there struggling to stay in battle. Yes, we can’t overlook Apple’s Safari, but it was limited to Mac OS.
Safari for Windows was released but it was full of bugs and so highly criticized that it stopped Windows releases and became limited to Apple systems once again just like majority of Apple products. Well, it’s pretty much of background.
Browsers war is still going on. People find themselves confused among different browsers. Each of these programs have their own merits and demerits. Advanced users as well as average surfers find it suitable to install more than two browsers instead of using a single one. Most of us too use this technique. But this creates complication when we accidently apply some shortcut key or other option to some other browser and keep waiting for a few seconds that operation will happened. But either something wrong occurs or nothing happens at all.
So what’s the solution for this? Should you keep a separate list of shortcut keys of every browser or spend hours to learn and recall different set for each program? That’s funny and tedious. Isn’t it?
Here is a possible solution to face this situation and overcome this problem. Fortunately, there is a sensible set of shortcut keys that are common for all browsers including Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox and Google Chrome etc.
Once you learn these shortcut keys, you can enhance your browsing experience and speed up your tasks online. These keys are divided into different sets for your convenience and ease.
List Of Common Keyboard Shortcut Keys For All Browsers
CTRL+1-8 Switch to tab according to specific number CTRL+9 Switch to last tab CTRL+Tab Switch to next tab on right side. CTRL+Shift+Tab Switch to previous tab on left. CTRL+W or CTRL+F4 Close current tab. CTRL+Shift+T ReOpen last closed tab. CTRL+T Open a new tab CTRL+N Open a new window. ALT+F4 Close current windows.
Mouse Actions for Tabs
Middle Click a Tab Close the tab. Ctrl+Left Click, Middle Click Open a link in a background tab. Shift+Left Click Open a link in a new browser window. Ctrl+Shift+Left Click Open a link in a foreground tab.
Alt+Left Arrow, Backspace Back. Alt+Right Arrow, Shift+Backspace Forward. F5 Refresh/Reload. Ctrl+F5 Reload and skip the cache, re-downloading the entire website. Escape Stop loading. Alt+Home Go to homepage.
Ctrl and + or Ctrl+Mousewheel Up Zoom in. Ctrl and – or Ctrl+Mousewheel Down Zoom out. Ctrl+0 Default zoom level. F11 Full-screen mode.
Space, Page Down Scroll down a frame. Shift+Space, Page Up Scroll up a frame. Home Top of page. End Bottom of page. Middle Click Scroll with the mouse. (Works on Windows only)
Ctrl+L, Alt+D, F6 Focus the address bar so you can begin typing. Ctrl+Enter Prefix www. and append .com to the text in the address bar, and then load the website. For example, type howtogeek into the address bar and press Ctrl+Enter to open www.howtogeek.com. Alt+Enter Open the location in the address bar in a new tab.
Ctrl+K, Ctrl+E Focus the browser’s built-in search box or focus the address bar if the browser doesn’t have a dedicated search box. (Ctrl+K doesn’t work in IE, Ctrl+E does.) Alt+Enter Perform a search from the search box in a new tab. Ctrl+F, F3 Open the in-page search box to search on the current page. Ctrl+G, F3 Find the next match of the searched text on the page. Ctrl+Shift+G, Shift+F3 Find the previous match of the searched text on the page.
History & Bookmarks
Ctrl+H Open the browsing history. Ctrl+J Open the download history. Ctrl+D Bookmark the current website. Ctrl+Shift+Del Open the Clear Browsing History window.
Ctrl+P Print the current page. Ctrl+S Save the current page to your computer. Ctrl+O Open a file from your computer. Ctrl+U Open the current page’s source code. (Not in IE.) F12 Open Developer Tools. (Requires Firebug extension for Firefox.)
I have compiled this list in a PDF file.
Once you get familiar with these common shortcut keys for all major browsers, you will feel easier than ever while using these shortcuts. If you know some other shortcut that is common for major browser, share it in comments below.